Bangladesh Gets Its Proper Name
After 190 years of British rule and two decades of
rule of Pakistan, we got the independent sovereign state of Bangladesh on
December 16, 1971. Acquired through thousands of movements, this territory has
historically been known as 'Bulgakpur' or "city of the rebel' However, the
Supreme Leader behind the movement for the liberation of the Bengali nation is
Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the independent-sovereign
However, over the ages, attempts have been made to change the name of our territory. Even though it is already in the Bengali language, there is a lot of criticism about the name Bangladesh. But according to thousands of years of history, the region is better known as Bongo or Bangla. After the partition of the country in 1947, Pakistan was divided into East Bengal and West Bengal. The Pakistanis changed the name East Bengal to East Pakistan and declared the language Urdu. However, this language was not accepted by the Bengalis, as a result, the language movement started in 1948 under the leadership of Bangabandhu. Bangabandhu had to be imprisoned many times for language movement. Later, the mother tongue was recognized.
In September 1952, Bangabandhu attended a peace conference in China. And he wrote a statement in his diary about the naming of East Bengal after seeing the beauty of China and feeling his country. Which was later published under the title "Amar Dekha Nayachin". In his speech in Karachi, Pakistan in 1957, Bangabandhu protested the name East Pakistan, saying that to change the name, a Bengali referendum would have to be held. Later in 1969, the anti-Ayub movement of Pakistan started. At that time the name Bangladesh was used in the slogans like 'Bir Bangali Astro Dhoro, Bangladesh Swadhin Koro (Brave Bengali, Hold Arms, Free Bangladesh)'. On December 5, 1969, Bangabandhu named East Bengal," Bangladesh" at the death anniversary discussion of Shaheed Suhrawardy, the legend of democracy.
In that occasion, Mujib declared that henceforth East Pakistan would be called Bangladesh. He added, “There was a time when evil efforts were made to wipe out the word ‘Bangla’ from our land and map. The existence of the word ‘Bangla’ was found nowhere except in the Bay of Bengal. I on behalf of the people proclaim today that the eastern province of Pakistan will be called ‘Bangladesh’ instead of ‘East Pakistan’.”
After the official announcement of the name Bangladesh, Maulana Bhashani and Ataur Rahman made statements in the Observer newspaper.
In the declaration of independence of Bangabandhu in 1971, Bangladesh was named as an independent country. Later in the proclamation of independence by the Mujibnagar government, the name of the country was called Bangladesh. The constitution, enacted on November 4, 1972, has given the name - People's Republic of Bangladesh. In other words, the contribution of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Father of the Nation and the best Bengali in the millennium, is unforgettable in making this land Bangladesh in the world map.